Do I Need a Visa to Go to Canada?
List of countries that need a visa for Canada, those who need eTA and those that are exempt from visa requirements
In order to enter Canada, you must obtain a passport stamp which acts as a visa and it is issued by a Canadian Consulate or Embassy in a foreign country. There are different types of visas, so this stamp could be used to move to Canada permanently or stay temporarily.
Just because Canada is a highly developed country, many people from all around the world want to go there for various reasons. People often ask themselves do they require Canadian Visa in order to go to the country.
The visa requirements depend on many things, such as country of origin. Most people have to obtain a visa in order to enter the country; however, residents of certain countries only require travel authorization, or they are completely exempt and can enter and stay in Canada without obtaining a visa.
Furthermore, we will go into all the details about who needs a visa and what are the requirements in order to go to Canada.
What Determines if You Need a Visa for Canada?
As we mentioned, there are many different factors that will help you determine whether or not you need to get a visa to visit Canada. You must know the following aspects if you ask yourself do I need a visa for Canada:
- The type of document that you travel with (national identification document, passport, driver’s license, etc.)
- The relationship with the country that issued you the travel document and Canada is definitely a factor in determining your visa requirements
- Your nationality
- The type of transport you take in order to get to Canada (sea, air or land)
When you consider the travel document, it is always best if you travel to Canada with your passport, depending on the country that issued it, you can decide how you travel. In the article below we will determine which countries need a Canadian visa, as well as people that are only required with travel authorization document, and the groups of people that are exempt from the visa process.
Which countries need a Canada visa?
In order to enter Canada, 148 countries need to obtain a visa. Depending on the purpose of the visit, all the nationals from these countries must go through the process of applying for a visa. There are different types of visas that are designed for different reasons of entering the country such as working, studying or even immigrating. The following countries need to obtain Canadian visas in order to enter the country.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Brazil (note: some Brazilian citizens may be eligible for an eTA if they meet certain requirements)
- British subjects, subject to control
- Burkina Faso
- Burma (Myanmar)
- Cameroon, Republic of
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- China, People’s Republic of
- Congo, Democratic Republic of
- Congo, Republic of
- Costa Rica, Republic of
- Dominican Republic
- East Timor
- El Salvador
- Equatorial Guinea
- Israel must have a valid Israeli “Travel Document in lieu of National Passport”
- Ivory Coast
- Korea, North
- Macao Special Administrative Region
- North Macedonia
- Maldives Islands
- Marshall Islands
- Micronesia, Fed. States
- Palestinian Authority
- Romania (holder of a non-electronic passport, such as a temporary passport)
- Sao Tomé e Principe
- Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- South Sudan
- Sri Lanka
- Kitts and Nevis
- Vincent and the Grenadines (St. Vincent)
- Taiwan, must have a passport other than ordinary passports issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that include their personal identification number
- Trinidad and Tobago
Which Countries Need a Canada eTA?
There are some countries that are exempt from this process and can enjoy more freedom of movement around the world so they might not need to obtain a visa in order to enter Canada. However, they must have a travel authorization.
With global technoloical development, the good thing is that Canada has developed this system to function electronically. This means that all applicants can find out whether they are allowed to go to Canada by entering their personal information, and based on the data, the system will evaluate the allowed candidates.
It is important to know that the nationals of the countries mentioned below will only need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) if they are traveling by air. However, if the Nationals want to enter Canada by land or sea than they will only need their passports.
Here are the countries that are required to obtain an eTA to enter Canada by air:
- British citizen
- British National (Overseas)
- British overseas citizen (re-admissible to the United Kingdom)
- British overseas territory citizen with citizenship through birth, descent, naturalization or registration in one of the British overseas territories of:
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
- Pitcairn Island
- Saint Helena
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- British Subject with a right of abode in the United Kingdom
- Brunei Darussalam
- Czech Republic
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, must have a passport issued by Hong Kong SAR.
- Israel, must have a national Israeli passport
- Republic of Korea
- New Zealand
- Papua New Guinea
- Romania (electronic passport holders only)
- San Marino
- Solomon Islands
- Taiwan, must have an ordinary passport issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taiwan that includes the personal identification number
- United Arab Emirates
- United States, lawful permanent resident of
- Vatican City State, must have a passport or travel document issued by the Vatican.
Which Countries Do Not Need a Visa for Canada?
It is important to mention that some countries are not required with obtaining visa or Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) in order to enter Canada.
The following groups are Canadian visa exempt:
- People that possess a valid status in Canada and have left Canada in order to visit the United States or St. Pierre and Miquelon
- Those who are already in possession of a valid Canadian visa from the previous application
- Foreigners who are going to or coming from the United States on a flight that must stop in Canada to refuel, who have:
- Have been lawfully admitted to the United States
- Valid documents that allow them to enter the United States
- French citizens that are living in Saint Pierre and Miquelon but only flying directly to Canada from Miquelon or Saint Pierre
- Foreigners who are on a flight that must make an unscheduled landing in Canada;
- Foreigners who are transiting through a Canadian airport that are allowed to transit without a visa or they are part of the China Transit Program
- Civil aviation inspectors, flight crews or accident investigators who are or will be working while the stay in Canada
- Diplomats who are accredited by the Government of Canada
- Members of the Armed Forces that belong to a country that is part of the Visiting Forces Act, and are coming to Canada on official duties and responsibilities (civilian components of the armed forces are excluded from this program)
How to Check Whether You Need a Visa for Canada?
Rather doing it manually by going to every country list and requirements, you can get the answers you seek by simply visiting the Canadian Government immigration portal.
The process has been simplified as the officials created a short questionnaire where you can get all your answers about the visa process and requirements by simply answering a few questions. You can find the questionnaire on this website.